Lochaber is an internationally important region for upland habitats, and includes heaths (wet, dry and montane), calcareous grassland, montane scrub, rock and scree, and summit vegetation. The dry heath supports heather (Calluna vulgaris), bell heather (Erica cinerea), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), western gorse (Ulex europaeus) with tormentil (Potentilla tormentilla), heath milkwort (Polygala serpyllifolia) and variety of grasses. The more common wet heath vegetation comprises of heather, bell heather, cross-leaved heath (Erica tetralix), bilberry, deergrass (Trichophorum cespitosum) and purple moor grass (Molinia caerulea) with Sphagnum mosses. Other species include cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), bearberry (Arctostaphylos alpina and A. uva-ursi) and crowberry (Empetrum nigrum) according to local conditions.
As you ascend wet heath and acid grassland gives way to montane heath. Montane heath consists of moss heath, dwarf shrubs and Arctic-Alpine communities and it confined to north-west Scotland. Hardy alpines and arctic flora are found in the higher mountains, epitomised by the magnificent Ben Nevis range, and include alpine saxifrage (Saxifraga nivalis),purple saxifrage (S. oppostifolia) the rare drooping saxifrage (S. cernua), northern rock-cress (Arabidopsis petraea), diapensia (Diapensia lapponica), parsley fern (Cryptogramma crispa) and alpine lady-fern (Athyrium distentifolium), as well as specialist ferns, bryophytes and lichens, including the northern holly fern (Polystichum lonchitis). Woolly fringe moss (Racomitrium lanuginosum ) clothes rocks and boulders and Juniper (Juniperus communis) clings to steep slopes and the crags. Moss campion (Silene acaulis) and mountain avens (Dryas octopetala) occur in upland calcareous grassland. In addition, mountain willow (Salix arbuscula) is restricted to Ben Nevis and arctic sandwort (Arenaria norvegica) grows on basaltic screes in Morvern and the Small Isle.
Look out for mountain ringlet, slow worm, adder, mountain hare, ptarmigan, red deer, red grouse, snipe, golden plover, greenshank, dotterels, ring ouzel, raven, snow bunting, ptmargin and a range of raptors, including merlin, peregrine falcon, hen harrier and golden eagle. A great habitat to spot wildlife.